‘Dronningegården’ residential complex

Kan også læses på: daDansk

Dronningegården urban renewal scheme

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske Kristensen

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske Kristensen

‘Dronningegården’ roughly translates to ‘queens court’. As a part of the first condemnation process in Denmark, it is a residential development that replaced an area of slum in the central Copenhagen from early 1940s. Because of the second world war building stopped in 1943 and didn’t finish until 1958.

All three collaborating architects on this project were highly productive and took defining part in shaping the Danish version of modern style in the first half of the 20th century.

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske KristensenFour L-shaped corner buildings form a court with trees and parking spaces. Two perpendicular streets divides the four quadrants.

The volume of this large scale complex is proportionally divided and subdivided in smaller and yet smaller units.

Approaching the complex, one experience more ‘levels’ or scales. At a distance the overall impression of a coherent city block.

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske Kristensen

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske Kristensen

On the next level individual units each with a pitched roof, an almost simplistic symbol of a house, consisting of closed faces with windows and an open cell-like structure with balconies. Walking along the facades windows and the retracted balconies alternate in a delicate pattern, most balconies individually inhabited with terrace furniture and flower boxes.

Copenhagen functionalist Architecture Dronningegården Kay Fisker C. F. Møller & Svenn Eske Kristensen

So despite being a large housing scheme with a high degree of repetition, Dronningegården do not express big mass storage allowing no no individuality. Which was and is too often a problem with large scale affordable housing projects.

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